Instruction nº 01/, which establishes the criteria for sustainable .. outras providências (Decreto nº , de 23 de dezembro de ). de Residuos Solidos (Lei 12,/), Decreto Regulamentador (Dec. 7,/ ), Responsabilidade Compartilhada, Logistica Reversa. The City currently landfills the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. (MSW). ..
|Published (Last):||7 October 2004|
|PDF File Size:||15.89 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||19.86 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
decreto federal 7404 de 2010 pdf
Lei node 05 de janeiro de It was carried out then a data survey on the sources of funding for MSWM, since the lack of municipal resources is the first justification for encouraging Consortia. Waste Management, 26, We sought to identify the Public Consortia for existing MSWM in Brazil and conduct a case study with 29 Public Consortia, rising, through the answers obtained, the main characteristics and the problems faced by this instrument of the PNRS.
The decisions in the area of municipal solid waste management are not only capital intensive, but also tough from the environmental and social points of view. The data from Chart 1 demonstrates that, for the 29 Consortia, the formation of Public Consortia tends to focus in municipalities with up to decretp, inhabitants 6being the majority concentrated in the ranges between 10, to 50, inhabitants.
Public policy steps-second phase-desirable application e results observed on the 29 Consortia. Furthermore, in most landfills, there is no proper treatment for the slurry toxic liquid generated by organic garbage d. Depending on common interests and needs of municipalities, Consortia can meet different objectives or sectors in a single contract, which can reduce administrative costs and increase regional cooperation.
Other supplementary questions also arose in relation to economic, social and territorial factors that influence the efficiency of a shared decret of solid waste and that would be decisive in encouraging and prioritizing access to resources by Law. The Law of PNRS, in general terms, brings the concepts of shared responsibility, inclusion of waste pickers and hierarchy-not generation, reduction, reuse, recycling, solid waste treatment and environmentally adequate disposal of waste.
Twelve of them reported not having any plan; only seven have a Municipal Integrated Plan and four the Inter-municipal. Based upon the results of our sample of 29 Public Consortia in Brazil it is possible to evaluate this instrument, as a PNRS instrument. Why municipalities and states create Consortia for a shared SWM?
Data from the IBGE a confirms that the absence of such analyzes is a dominant reality in Brazilian municipalities, given that only However, the PNRS has some limitations, such as the inability of municipalities to apply its requirements because of municipal administrative capacity-lack of financial and technical resources, infrastructure or the complexity of the Law. However, municipalities, the smaller ones, face difficulties for SWM: In this context, effective management of municipal waste is required, but local authorities in many countries are constrained by limited finances and inadequate services.
It is identified a policy failure in the case of not considering that if there is a lack of Plans and technical capacity, the objectives of the Law in predicting this priority in access to resources dedreto be not achieved.
Therefore, prioritizing public resources by forming Consortia established in the PNRS is not necessarily associated with effective management; it can potentially induce ineffectiveness and inefficiency of the SWM policy, among other relevant issues.
Six of them did not answer the question. However, this incentive does not ensure the efficiency of Consortia because other variables are involved and there are new possible restrictions on the access to financial resources.
Most them are in the Northeast region, the poorest in. Since there is no Federal Agency that centralizes this information, we conducted a survey in all 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District. Arranjos Federativos e Desigualdades Regionais no Brasil. One of the biggest challenges facing modern society is solving excessive generation and the environmentally safe disposal of solid waste.
Objectives of the 29 Public Consortia. decreeto
Public Policy steps-first phase-desirable components e observed results on the 29 Consortia. As far as the formation of a Consortia is concerned, lack of Integrated Solid Waste Management Plans will require more efforts in training of human resources, edcreto several initial steps that should be part of the creation of Consortia requires, for example, under taking economic and financial feasibility studies.
It decreti presents some requirements, such as closing landfills, creating plans, implementation of proper disposal of waste treatment, recycling, composting, gas recovery from landfills, planning and cost recovery initiatives. However, only eight Consortia out of the 29 signaled the priority of access to resources as an incentive for the formation of Consortia. The PNRS imposes deadlines for the closure of dumpsites and the implementation of proper dw disposal, providing treatment, recycling, composting, gas recovery from decretto, planning and cost recovery initiatives, putting pressure on governments at all levels, especially the municipal, to comply with the new law.
Entrevistas concedidas em 03 e 11 abr. Excessive generation of and scarce environmentally safe disposal sites for solid waste are among the biggest challenges facing modern society. There is a need to develop and implement a simple, but reliable tool that will help mayors in this process. This is a relevant question from a public policy making point of view.
decreto federal de pdf – PDF Files
Although these steps are essential for the implementation of an instrument such as the Public Consortia, answers obtained in our research suggest that the components of each step of this first phase are very below the level desirable for each step. Considering that the major goal of the 29 Consortia is the final disposal of solid waste and, consequently, the construction of landfills, it is motive of concern the low proportion of studies on territorial characteristics, land use occupation and distance between the municipalities in the answers of the fe Consortia.
The lack of municipal technical capacity was evident throughout the research, confirmed by the answers of the Consortia. This would not be a problem if the municipalities had already completed an Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan that presumably contains these previous studies. Through these procedures we decrrto 77 Consortia: In this context, transversely policies among ministries deceto government agencies are essential. In places without waste management policy, the first step is the implementation of a direct regulation.
Details of Public Decretk are summarized in Table 1.